Prisons & torture….still? Really?


“Why does Canada still allow torture?” questioned an editorial in the Toronto Star on Wednesday, August 10.

Authored by Catherine Latimer, Executive Director of the John Howard Society of Canada, she began with Eddy Nalon, an inmate who bled to death in a segregation cell on that day in 1974 at Millhaven Penitentiary.  August 10 is commemorated every year since as Prisoners Justice Day.  Prisoners fast, refuse to work, and think about the men and women whose lives have been lost in Canada’s prison industry.

Prisoners knew long before science backed them up that prolonged solitary confinement is torture.  Courts in B.C. and Ontario ruled that indeterminate isolation was a Charter violation, and successful lawsuits awarded damages.  The United Nations called it cruel and a form of torture.  In response, Canada abolished legislation permitting administrative segregation in 2019, and ministers claimed this would end the practice.

Catherine Latimer says they were wrong.  She writes that solitary has worsened in the last two years, with dry celling, lockdowns, medical observation, and more.  Structured intervention units (SIUs) were touted as the solution to abusive confinement but only served to perpetuate it.  As she wrote, “the correctional investigator, auditor general, senators, and advocates have raised countless failings in our correctional system.  They are frustrated that recommended reforms have been ignored.”

Why?  We wrote her on August 11:-

Dear Executive Director Latimer:

Mark Twain is reputed to have said, “When we remember that we are all mad, the mysteries disappear, and life stands explained.”

From my conversations with federal inmates, your question can be answered with Twain’s help.  When we remember that Correctional Service of Canada doesn’t care, the mysteries disappear, and our prison industry stands explained.

I hope this helps.

Does it help?  It doesn’t explain federal ministers’ lack of courage to stare down Correctional Service of Canada.  Shame on them, and shame on us for tolerating their apathy and indifference.


UPDATE:  “One prison……One health care follow-up” published August 28 was a compendium of the current health-care challenges facing Brennan Guigue, an inmate at the federal Port-Cartier Institution.

From that, “Kim Morin can’t overrule a doctor, acknowledged a review of the suboxone prescription is in order, but left this in Brennan’s hands.  He previously filed a complaint with Quebec’s College of Physicians, and I doubled down in our conversation later with Ms. Morin, suggesting another complaint would be filed if the doctor continued to defer.”

That second complaint was submitted on September 6th.  One week later, Brennan’s suboxone dosage was restored to where it had been some months prior.  He now no longer resorts to the institution’s black market to maintain the efficacy of the medication, a practice he did not hide from the prison’s staff and health-care unit.

Another point at issue was an order for a knee MRI that had been on Brennan’s file from two other prisons for at least two years, if not more.  Despite multiple requests for compliance, Port-Cartier’s health care unit declined/refused to acknowledge the order, telling him to use an access to information request to see the contents of the file, a process that could take months.

During this last week, Brennan met with the institution’s Dr. Roxanne Coté to discuss his suboxone routine.  She admitted the MRI order is on his file when he asked, but claimed it was appended only in January of 2021 which is incorrect, but even that concession is a victory.  Wait times in Quebec for an MRI are about a year according to the doctor, and he should expect to be called in the spring.  We’ll see.  He may still go ahead with his access to information request.

The doctor gave him an opportunity to address mental health and emotional issues.  It’s basic to medicine that drugs to counteract opioid addictions are partnered with counselling if positive results are expected.  He had previously been told that those services are triaged, which has meant he’s never had that support….ever.  Dr. Coté pointed to a specific program CSC has developed to meet his needs.  It’s just not available in his institution.  Yet.  No timeline, but that’s a subject for another day.

So, now there’s some action.  Wonder why.  Wonder too about the State’s good faith.


Soleiman Faqiri – No justice……


“For the third time, police have decided not to lay charges in the 2016 death of Soleiman Faqiri….who was severely beaten, restrained and pepper-sprayed by correctional officers in an Ontario jail….its latest review into Soleiman’s death once again found no evidence that a crime had been committed.”  Ben Cohen, Toronto Star, Wednesday, August 24, 2022

The Star’s staff reporter is referring to the murder of a 30-year-old mentally ill man in his cell at the Central East Correctional Centre in Lindsay on December 15, 2016.

OPP Detective Inspector Brad Collins wrote to the Faqiri family in February to say that even though a second post-mortem in 2021 by Ontario’s chief forensic pathologist Dr. Michael Pollanen determined Soleiman’s death was caused by jail guards, that didn’t change the OPP’s “prior investigative conclusions.”  “This is because there remains insufficient evidence to form the requisite grounds to believe a criminal offence has been committed by an individual of a group.”

This, quite simply, is cow cookies.

Faqiri family lawyer Nader Hasan said of the OPP investigation that: “They know that the guards used force unlawfully on Soleiman.  They know that the guards unlawfully confined Soleiman while they beat him.  They know that the guards killed him while committing these crimes.  Yet, the OPP continues to pretend that this is not murder.”

The question is why the obvious is not obvious?

This travesty prompted another letter to OPP Commissioner Thomas Carrique, just as it did when the OPP declined to lay charges after their first investigation into Soleiman’s death.  On August 26, I wrote:-

“My experience monitoring our prison industry tells me there is one point about Soleiman’s treatment that hasn’t appeared in the public record.  The guards at the Central East Correctional Centre encountered difficulty in moving Soleiman from the shower to his cell on December 15, 2016.  They succeeded in time, and all that was left was to close the cell door.  There was no need for guards to be in his cell. 

Why were they there?  I know your experience tells you why, but I’ll put it down here anyway.

Guards were teaching Soleiman a lesson.  He had given them a problem and he couldn’t be allowed to get away with it.

Every day in every provincial jail and federal prison in Canada, guards teach inmates a lesson.  It’s wrong, unwarranted, it’s illegal.  Sometimes an inmate is severely injured.  Sometimes an inmate loses his life.  An inmate such as Soleiman Faqiri.

It’s up to Soleiman Faqiri’s family and their supporters to demand accountability.  It’s up to you to protect uniforms.”

There’s a hope this gave Commissioner Carrique after-lunch indigestion.

Yusuf Faqiri is Soleiman’s oldest brother and the founder of ‘Justice for Soli.’  Toronto’s Globe and Mail published his op-ed on Tuesday, August 30, “My brother’s death shows that in this country, there are two systems of justice.”  Near the end he wrote: “We are now awaiting the coroner’s inquest, which will demonstrate even more clearly how the system failed Soli and my family.  We intend to be involved.”

There is no date for that inquest at this point.

I sent Yusuf an email asking if he had ever considered that the OPP may be under pressure from the provincial and federal governments to not lay charges.  After all, doing that would open a Pandora’s Box with consequences that would reverberate across the country.

The last Soleiman Faqiri posting here on January 31, 2021, “Restless in the grave,” referenced the family’s outstanding 14.3-million-dollar action against Ontario and some individuals involved in Soleiman’s murder.  That suit may have been settled.  It hasn’t been mentioned recently and would not likely be public knowledge if it was resolved.

Stay tuned.  ‘Justice for Soli’ isn’t going away.